Вопрос: Каков самый простой способ печати массива Java?


В Java массивы не переопределяют toString(), поэтому, если вы попытаетесь напечатать файл напрямую, вы получите className + @ + hex hashCodeмассива, как определено формулой Object.toString():

int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
System.out.println(intArray);     // prints something like '[I@3343c8b3'

Но обычно мы хотели бы, чтобы [1, 2, 3, 4, 5], Каков самый простой способ сделать это? Вот несколько примеров входов и выходов:

// array of primitives:
int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
//output: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

// array of object references:
String[] strArray = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};
//output: [John, Mary, Bob]

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источник


Ответы:


Начиная с Java 5 вы можете использовать Arrays.toString(arr)или Arrays.deepToString(arr)для массивов внутри массивов. Обратите внимание, что Object[]вызов по версии .toString()для каждого объекта в массиве. Вывод даже оформлен точно так, как вы просите.

Примеры:

Простой массив:

String[] array = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(array));

Вывод:

[John, Mary, Bob]

Вложенный массив:

String[][] deepArray = new String[][] {{"John", "Mary"}, {"Alice", "Bob"}};
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(deepArray));
//output: [[Ljava.lang.String;@106d69c, [Ljava.lang.String;@52e922]
System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(deepArray));

Вывод:

[[John, Mary], [Alice, Bob]]

doubleМассив:

double[] doubleArray = { 7.0, 9.0, 5.0, 1.0, 3.0 };
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(doubleArray));

Вывод:

[7.0, 9.0, 5.0, 1.0, 3.0 ]

intМассив:

int[] intArray = { 7, 9, 5, 1, 3 };
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(intArray));

Вывод:

[7, 9, 5, 1, 3 ]

1994



Всегда проверяйте стандартные библиотеки. Пытаться:

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(array));

или если ваш массив содержит другие массивы в качестве элементов:

System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(array));

300



Приятно знать, однако, что для «всегда сначала проверяйте стандартные библиотеки», я никогда бы не наткнулся на трюк Arrays.toString( myarray )

- Поскольку я концентрировался на типе myarray, чтобы посмотреть, как это сделать. Я не хотел, чтобы я повторял это: мне нужен простой вызов, чтобы он выглядел так же, как и в отладчике Eclipse, и myarray.toString () просто этого не делал.

import java.util.Arrays;
.
.
.
System.out.println( Arrays.toString( myarray ) );

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В JDK1.8 вы можете использовать агрегированные операции и выражение лямбда:

String[] strArray = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};

// #1
Arrays.asList(strArray).stream().forEach(s -> System.out.println(s));

// #2
Stream.of(strArray).forEach(System.out::println);

// #3
Arrays.stream(strArray).forEach(System.out::println);

/* output:
John
Mary
Bob
*/

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If you're using Java 1.4, you can instead do:

System.out.println(Arrays.asList(array));

(This works in 1.5+ too, of course.)


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Starting with Java 8, one could also take advantage of the join() method provided by the String class to print out array elements, without the brackets, and separated by a delimiter of choice (which is the space character for the example shown below):

String[] greeting = {"Hey", "there", "amigo!"};
String delimiter = " ";
String.join(delimiter, greeting) 

The output will be "Hey there amigo!".


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Arrays.toString

As a direct answer, the solution provided by several, including @Esko, using the Arrays.toString and Arrays.deepToString methods, is simply the best.

Java 8 - Stream.collect(joining()), Stream.forEach

Below I try to list some of the other methods suggested, attempting to improve a little, with the most notable addition being the use of the Stream.collect operator, using a joining Collector, to mimic what the String.join is doing.

int[] ints = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
System.out.println(IntStream.of(ints).mapToObj(Integer::toString).collect(Collectors.joining(", ")));
System.out.println(IntStream.of(ints).boxed().map(Object::toString).collect(Collectors.joining(", ")));
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(ints));

String[] strs = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};
System.out.println(Stream.of(strs).collect(Collectors.joining(", ")));
System.out.println(String.join(", ", strs));
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(strs));

DayOfWeek [] days = { FRIDAY, MONDAY, TUESDAY };
System.out.println(Stream.of(days).map(Object::toString).collect(Collectors.joining(", ")));
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(days));

// These options are not the same as each item is printed on a new line:
IntStream.of(ints).forEach(System.out::println);
Stream.of(strs).forEach(System.out::println);
Stream.of(days).forEach(System.out::println);

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Arrays.deepToString(arr) only prints on one line.

int[][] table = new int[2][2];

To actually get a table to print as a two dimensional table, I had to do this:

System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(table).replaceAll("],", "]," + System.getProperty("line.separator")));

It seems like the Arrays.deepToString(arr) method should take a separator string, but unfortunately it doesn't.


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Prior to Java 8 we could have used Arrays.toString(array) to print one dimensional array and Arrays.deepToString(array) for multi-dimensional arrays. We have got the option of Stream and lambda in Java 8 which can also be used for the printing the array.

Printing One dimensional Array:

public static void main(String[] args) {
    int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
    String[] strArray = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};

    //Prior to Java 8
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(intArray));
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(strArray));

    // In Java 8 we have lambda expressions
    Arrays.stream(intArray).forEach(System.out::println);
    Arrays.stream(strArray).forEach(System.out::println);
}

The output is:

[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[John, Mary, Bob]
1
2
3
4
5
John
Mary
Bob

Printing Multi-dimensional Array Just in case we want to print multi-dimensional array we can use Arrays.deepToString(array) as:

public static void main(String[] args) {
    int[][] int2DArray = new int[][] { {11, 12}, { 21, 22}, {31, 32, 33} };
    String[][] str2DArray = new String[][]{ {"John", "Bravo"} , {"Mary", "Lee"}, {"Bob", "Johnson"} };

    //Prior to Java 8
    System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(int2DArray));
    System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(str2DArray));

    // In Java 8 we have lambda expressions
    Arrays.stream(int2DArray).flatMapToInt(x -> Arrays.stream(x)).forEach(System.out::println);
    Arrays.stream(str2DArray).flatMap(x -> Arrays.stream(x)).forEach(System.out::println);
} 

Now the point to observe is that the method Arrays.stream(T[]), which in case of int[] returns us Stream<int[]> and then method flatMapToInt() maps each element of stream with the contents of a mapped stream produced by applying the provided mapping function to each element.

The output is:

[[11, 12], [21, 22], [31, 32, 33]]
[[John, Bravo], [Mary, Lee], [Bob, Johnson]]
11
12
21
22
31
32
33
John
Bravo
Mary
Lee
Bob
Johnson


22



for(int n: someArray) {
    System.out.println(n+" ");
}

18



Different Ways to Print Arrays in Java:

  1. Simple Way

    List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
    list.add("One");
    list.add("Two");
    list.add("Three");
    list.add("Four");
    // Print the list in console
    System.out.println(list);
    

Output: [One, Two, Three, Four]

  1. Using toString()

    String[] array = new String[] { "One", "Two", "Three", "Four" };
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(array));
    

Output: [One, Two, Three, Four]

  1. Printing Array of Arrays

    String[] arr1 = new String[] { "Fifth", "Sixth" };
    String[] arr2 = new String[] { "Seventh", "Eight" };
    String[][] arrayOfArray = new String[][] { arr1, arr2 };
    System.out.println(arrayOfArray);
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(arrayOfArray));
    System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(arrayOfArray));
    

Output: [[Ljava.lang.String;@1ad086a [[Ljava.lang.String;@10385c1, [Ljava.lang.String;@42719c] [[Fifth, Sixth], [Seventh, Eighth]]

Resource: Access An Array


17



Using regular for loop is the simplest way of printing array in my opinion. Here you have a sample code based on your intArray

for (int i = 0; i < intArray.length; i++) {
   System.out.print(intArray[i] + ", ");
}

It gives output as yours 1, 2, 3, 4, 5


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